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换热器的清洗技巧你知道吗?跟我一起学习下

2021-01-26 10:28

随着现代工业的快速发展,冷却水量不断增加,大量循环交换设备的规模没有得到科学的清洗,造成能源消耗和自然环境危害。

With the rapid development of modern industry, the amount of cooling water is increasing, and the scale of a large number of circulating exchange equipment has not been scientifically cleaned, resulting in energy consumption and natural environmental hazards.

换热器清洗

Heat exchanger cleaning

在化工生产过程中,由于各种原因,换热设备和管线会产生大量的污垢,如结焦、油污、水垢、沉积物、腐蚀产物、聚合物、细菌、藻类和黏液等。由此产生的污迹将导致机器设备和管道故障,机器设备系统将面临产量下降、能耗增加和材料消耗增加等问题。当污渍腐蚀特别明显时,会造成工艺中断,机器设备系统被迫停产,直接造成各种经济损失,甚至可能发生恶性生产安全事故。

In the chemical production process, due to various reasons, heat exchange equipment and pipelines will produce a lot of dirt, such as coking, oil, scale, sediment, corrosion products, polymers, bacteria, algae and mucus. The resulting stains will lead to machine equipment and pipeline failure, machine equipment system will face the problems of production decline, energy consumption increase and material consumption increase. When the stain corrosion is particularly obvious, the process will be interrupted, and the machinery and equipment system will be forced to stop production, which will directly cause various economic losses, and even lead to malignant production safety accidents.

在今天的科学发展观下,根本不可能完全防止污渍的产生。因此,换热器清洗等工业设备的清洗成为供热、工业生产,特别是在石化、热电厂。在制造业中必不可少的关键步骤。

Under today's scientific outlook on development, it is impossible to completely prevent the generation of stains. Therefore, the cleaning of industrial equipment such as heat exchanger cleaning has become a hot topic in heating and industrial production, especially in petrochemical and thermal power plants. It is an essential key step in manufacturing.

换热器的清洗技巧你知道吗?

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Do you know the cleaning skills of heat exchanger?

热交换器清洗的常用方法有:

The common methods of heat exchanger cleaning are as follows:

化学清洗和高压水射流冲洗。传统的冲洗工艺及解决方法:机械方法(刮、刷)、阻垢等,在对机器本身、人体、自然环境造成重大危害的同时,无法合理解决困难。

Chemical cleaning and high pressure water jet washing. The traditional washing process and solution: mechanical method (scraping, brushing), scale inhibition, etc., while causing great harm to the machine itself, human body and natural environment, can not reasonably solve the difficulties.

工业设备清洗用换热器清洗的目的:

Purpose of heat exchanger cleaning for industrial equipment cleaning:

(1) 改善机械设备外观,净化和保护环境。消除工业厂房、房屋建筑、车辆内外表面的污渍,恢复原色,改善外观,控制环境。

(1) Improve the appearance of mechanical equipment, purify and protect the environment. Remove the stains on the internal and external surfaces of industrial plants, buildings and vehicles, restore the primary color, improve the appearance and control the environment.

(2) 长期保持正常人的生产,延长机器设备的使用寿命。消除原材料表面的污渍,能保持材料的表面特性,保证后续制造过程的执行。定期或冲洗生产设备上的污渍,可长期保持机械设备的正常运行,控制设备腐蚀,延长机械设备的使用寿命。

(2) Keep normal production for a long time and prolong the service life of machinery and equipment. Eliminate the stains on the surface of raw materials, maintain the surface characteristics of materials, and ensure the implementation of the follow-up manufacturing process. Regular cleaning or cleaning of the stains on the production equipment can keep the normal operation of the mechanical equipment for a long time, control the corrosion of the equipment and extend the service life of the mechanical equipment.

(3) 提高加工能力,提高产品质量。去除原材料表面的污染物,可以达到保持其优良的后处理特性和提高产品质量的目的。及时清洗机械设备,可以长期保持其加工能力,减少污渍对企业产品特性的损害。

(3) Improve processing capacity and product quality. The removal of pollutants on the surface of raw materials can maintain its excellent post-treatment characteristics and improve the quality of products. Timely cleaning of machinery and equipment can maintain its processing capacity for a long time and reduce the damage of stains on product characteristics.

(4) 降低能源消耗和产品成本。及时冲洗换热器,不仅可以减少原材料和能源的消耗,提高生产效率,而且可以大大降低产品成本。

(4) Reduce energy consumption and product costs. Washing the heat exchanger in time can not only reduce the consumption of raw materials and energy, improve the production efficiency, but also greatly reduce the product cost.

(5) 减少生产安全事故,造福健康。清洗污渍可以减少生产过程和机械造成的各种安全事故和对自然环境和人身安全的破坏。清洗、杀菌、消毒、消除放射性污染有利于健康。

(5) Reduce production safety accidents and benefit health. Cleaning stains can reduce all kinds of safety accidents caused by production process and machinery and damage to natural environment and personal safety. Cleaning, sterilization, disinfection and elimination of radioactive pollution are beneficial to health.